How to protect yourself from cyber attacks

1.    Make your password harder to hack: Hard passwords include upper and lower case letters, numbers and special characters. They should be at least eight characters in length. They should also not spell out words easy for hackers to find, like your pet’s name or the name of a family member.

2.    Change your password regularly: A very common mistake made by users is to create one hard password, but then never change it. Remembering a long list of complicated passwords can be difficult. But no password is unbreakable. Hackers are better able hack multiple accounts if those accounts all have the same password. A password management service, like Dashlane or PasswordBox, can help you keep track of hard passwords. These services permit users to easily store and secure their passwords.

3.    Clear your browser history: This goes for all the devices you use in a day – your home computer, your work computer, or your friend’s iPad. Internet browsers like Firefox or Chrome keep track of where you’ve been and what you’ve done online. They keep records of every site you visited. Information about what you sent from or saved on your computer can be kept for days or weeks. It is very easy for anyone who sees that information to steal a detailed record of your online activities.

4.    Do not use free Wi-Fi: An increasing number of public places now offer free wireless access to the Internet. Often, a user does not need a password to connect to these wireless networks. These services might be useful, but they’re also an easy way for hackers to access everything on your device. Unless you really need it, it is best not to use it.

5.    Use HTTPS: HTTPS is officially known as “hyper-text transfer protocol secure.” It is similar to HTTP, which is used to enter Internet addresses. HTTPS adds an extra layer of security and encryption while online. Communications between users and sites that support HTTPS are encrypted. The information is also authenticated. That means that HTTPS can determine whether or not a website is real.

6.    Watch what you click: One of the most popular and successful ways hackers infect your computer is through a technique called “phishing”. Phishing occurs when someone opens an email attachment that looks real. But the attachment is actually a virus that immediately infects the user’s computer. If someone sends you a file or a website you did not ask for, it is best to not click on it.

7.    Try not to use public computers: For many people, not using a public computer can be difficult. Those without a computer or Internet access at home often use Internet cafes to get online. However, the more different people use a computer, the more likely a virus has infected it.

8. Use anti-virus protection: There are many anti-virus services available for users. They can offer many different types of computer protection. Some anti-virus services are even free

9. Be careful while using thumb drive: Thumb drives, also known as flash drives, are small and easy storage devices to use across different computers. They are a popular device that people use to exchange files and documents. They can also spread viruses easily across computers and networks.
I’m Jonathan Evans.

Doug Bernard reported this story for Learning English. Jonathan Evans wrote it for Learning English. Hai Do wasthe editor.


1.    Password = senha
2.    harder to hack = dificil de “hackear”
3.    upper and lower case letters = letras maiúsculas e minusculas
4.    should be at least = deveria ser pelo menos
5.    length = comprimento, extensão
6.    spell out = soletrar
7.    pet’s name = nome do animal de estimação
8.    mistake = erro
9.    unbreakable = inquebrável, indecifravel
10. keep track = acompanhar
11. easily store = armazenar facilmente
12. browser history = historico do navegador
13. goes for = vale para
14. devices = dispositivos
15. keep track = manter o registro
16. kept = mantido
17. steal = roubar
18. wi-fi = Wireless Fidelity (fidelidade sem fio)
19. increasing number = numero crescent
20. offer free wireless access = oferecem acesso sem fio gratuito
21. wireless networks = redes sem fio
22. useful = uteis
23. Unless = a menos que
24. known as = conhecido como
25. layer = camada
26. while = enquanto
27. means = significa
28. whether or not = se ou não
29. Watch = cuidado, observe
30. Successful = bem sucedido
31. Through = através
32. Occurs = ocorre
33. Attachment = anexo
34. However = contudo
35. the more … = quanto mais
36. likely = provável
37. available = disponivel
38. even = até mesmo
39. Be careful = tome cuidado
40. thumb drive = pen drive
41. storage devices = dispositivos de armazenamento
42. across = através
43. exchange = trocar, permutar
44. spread = espalhar